Volume Two - Issue One
NEWS & ANNOUNCEMENTS
WINNERS ANNOUNCED FOR 2001 STEVEN J. FENVES AWARD
Ulrich Flemming*, Architecture, and
Chris Hendrickson*, Civil &
Environmental Engineering, professor and department head, are the recipients
of the 2001 Steven J. Fenves Award for Systems Research. This award is
presented each year to one or more individuals within Carnegie Mellon
who have made significant contributions to systems research in areas relevant
to ICES. Congratulations to both recipients for their outstanding careers
and for their many and lasting contributions to the Institute for Complex
Engineered Systems and Carnegie Mellon.
Ulrich Flemming has contributed pioneering work on the development and demonstration of integrated engineering/architecture design systems and its influence on subsequent EDRC research and on a large number of EDRC graduates now pursuing engineering design research and education elsewhere. Moreover, he has intertwined the professions of engineering and architecture. He has developed knowledge-based approaches to capture design knowledge and to integrate it into generative design systems. Issues in case-based design, design interfaces; human-computer interaction; design databases and application integration have recently become a sought after focus. Congratulations Ulrich.
Chris Hendrickson has made pioneering contributions to systems research in engineering planning and management, including design for the environment, and project management and for contributions as education director of the EDRC and support for ICES. Chris has concentrated lately on green design, exploring the environmental life cycle consequences of alternative product and process designs. He has contributed software tools and methods for pollution prevention and environmental management in addition to including life cycle analysis software and a widely cited analysis of the life cycle consequences of lead acid battery powered vehicles. In addition to all his scholar and civic contributions, Chris led the very successful undergraduate engineering curriculum reform at Carnegie Mellon in 1989/90. Congratulations Chris.
TO ADMINISTER DOWD ENGINEERING SEED FUND
The fellowship grant program is administered through ICES under the oversight of the grant selection committee. Fellowship grants will be awarded to CIT graduate students in the second or third year of the PhD program. CIT Faculty may submit proposals for support from this program to the Director of ICES. Proposals must describe the research/dissertation project that the student will work on (two pages maximum) and include a one page Curriculum Vitae of the student.
The Director of ICES shall announce a Call for Proposals during February of each year. Proposals must be submitted by April 1 each year. ICES will review the proposals and select four of them for final consideration by the grant selection committee. The grant selection committee shall include the following members: the Director of ICES, the Dean of CIT and Mr. and Mrs. Dowd. The committee will consider the following criteria when evaluating the final proposals:
An individual research project may receive a maximum of two years of grant support under this program, but normally the funding will be for one year. The student receiving the grant shall be designated the "Dowd ICES Fellow," and will be required to give a seminar to the university community on the results of the work.
FISCAL YEAR 2002 AWARDS
The mission of PITA is to increase the operating efficiency of PA companies and enhance economic development within the Commonwealth by: combining physical and informational infrastructure technology expertise; leveraging technology development in design, manufacturing, biomedical and environmental areas; focusing research and educational capabilities of two world-class universities on technology issues; linking companies and agencies with students and faculty to create high-paying jobs; and retention of highly educated students in the Commonwealth.
In July of this past year, ICES sent out a call for proposals for research, education and outreach projects. A large number of proposals were submitted. Unfortunately, not all proposals could be accepted because of funding limitations. The large number of proposals and ongoing attempts to share PITA opportunities with other educational institutions in Pennsylvania prevented us from providing as much funding as we would like. We, at ICES, thank those researchers who took the time to submit proposals and for their interest in ICES and the PITA program. We encourage principle investigators (PIs) and Co-PIs who did not receive FY 2002 PITA funding to keep in touch with ICES and its interdisciplinary research efforts and to submit new proposals later in 2002 for possible FY 2003 funding.
PITA Fiscal Year 2002 Awards - proposals that were awarded funding:
Case Study in Modeling Organizational Structure and Operation: the American
Red Cross in Pennsylvania
Studies of Chemical Corrosion
Design Projects Course
of the Thermal Stability of Metal-Oxide-Silicon Carbide Devices
& Simulation of Phonon Transfer in Nanotechnology
Suftactant Systems: Molecular Self-Assembly and the Control of Interfacial
Forces and Dynamics
Numerical Algorithm Development in Computational Fluid Dynamics - An Optimized
Particle-Grid Hybrid Approach
the Use of Commercial Wireless Platforms and Embeddable Sensors for Assessing
Element Quality on Construction Sites
the Use of Speech-Control in Mobile IT Support for Field Engineers on
Robotically Guided Urological Endoscope with Integrated Micro Sensors
and Decision Support for Water Infrastructure and Environmental Decision-Making
in situ MEMS Device for Detecting Cracks or Weld Failures in Steel
Systems for Tissue-Engineered Nerve Guides
Transducers for Acoustic Emission Testing of Structural Materials
Engineering Process Information Systems
Product Variety by Managing Workflow and Engineering Change
Control Over Angiogenesis in Tissue Engineering Bone Contructs
Telemetry-Based MEMS Bone Sensor
Coating of Microparticles for Controlled Drug Delivery
Analysis for the Reliability of Information Systems (Year 2)
Enhanced Team Based Design: Collaboration Across Time and Space Using
a Pervasive Computing Infrastructure
Oriented Application Development in CAD
Manufacturing Using a Context Aware Computing Infrastructure
Based Tool Development for Thermal Design of Electronics Enclosures
Cost Effective Computer-Aided Orthopedic Surgery
Construction and Path Planning for Mechatronic Demining
Modeling and Simulation in Design
Course: Modeling and Simulation in Systems Engineering
Models to Support Design Interation
Prototyping Education at CMU
Body Monitors Re-Purposed for Context Aware Computing Applications
Education & Outreach
Problem Formulation Course (An International Experiment)
of Rupture Potential of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms by Computational Modeling
Surface Design for Sheet-Metal Components
Processing and Mechanics of Next Generation Steel Coatings
Sensors Embedded in Composite Structures
ICES STRATEGIC PLAN
Hard work and dedication by our members have enabled significant growth and diversification. But factors including a slowing economy, changing university priorities, and changing priorities for federal, state and industrial research funding makes the development of a new strategic plan a necessity.
Informal meetings were held in September, November and December to determine how comprehensive the strategic planning effort should be, to collect background data, to identify benchmarks and discuss the most effective ways to involve laboratory directors, and research faculty in the process. A preliminary situational analysis was conducted. Then, a set of questions was provided to laboratory directors in late November/early December to identify critical issues or concerns for a preliminary strengths, weaknesses (SW)/opportunities, challenges (OC) analysis. The situational analysis and SW/OC analysis indicate that ICES is in a good strategic position (i.e., more strengths and opportunities than weaknesses and challenges) to respond to stresses from our internal and external environments.
Formal planning meetings will be held in late January to determine the direction that ICES should take over the next 3 to 5 years. While a single meeting is the preferred means of reaching everyone, scheduling conflicts made the selection of a single date very difficult. ICES faculty members are encouraged to attend as many meetings as possible. Focus groups will be developed to work on inputting goals, metrics and plan implementation. Additional meetings may be held in February as the plan develops.
The strategic planning initiative is a process and its success depends on member involvement. Laboratory directors and research faculty have a significant role to play in the future success and vitality of ICES. Please get involved!
CARD READER SYSTEM IN HAMBURG HALL
HONORS & AWARDS
Moyer, Administrative & Financial Manager, ICES
was chosen for the award based on her perseverance in continuing education
while exhibiting exemplary professional performance. This past May, Rhonda
received a masters degree in Public Management from Carnegie Mellon's
Heinz School. Dean Anderson made the official announcement at the annual
CIT Staff Recognition Awards Ceremony on January 8th.
Sinha, Post Doc, ECE, ICES
Westerberg, ChE, ICES
IN THE SPOTLIGHT
and good luck, Helen!
NANOSCALE HEAT-TRANSFER PROJECT
Transport in Nanostructures with Applications to Ultra-Thin Silicon-On-Insulator
A Schematic of a Field
Effect Transistor (FET)
made on a SOI
Advances in microfabrication processes have led to a continuous miniaturization of microelectronic and data storage devices as well as MicroElectroMechanical Systems (MEMS) (e.g., mechanical and chemical sensors) that contain semiconductor or metallic layers only a few nanometers thick. The performance and reliability of microelectronic and data storage devices (systems) are influenced by transport of thermal energy in multilayer structures. Because the thermal phenomena are not directly responsible for the electrical or optical functionality of these devices, they often receive only indirect consideration during system design. The situation is however changing rapidly as dimensions of these devices approach several nanometers and timescales of their operation gets closer to the nano- to pico-seconds range. Silicon-on-insulator circuits promise advantages in speed and processing cost compared to circuits made from bulk silicon. Around the year 2000, IBM built and tested SOI-based microprocessors that have 20 to 25% faster circuit speed compared to CMOS technology made on bulk silicon substrates (See figure). The source of increased SOI performance is the elimination of area junction capacitance and the "body effect" in bulk CMOS technology. However, the buried silicon-dioxide layer in SOI circuits has a very low thermal conductivity (~1 W m-1 K-1) compared to the silicon device layer. This results in a relatively large thermal resistance between the device and the chip packaging. The thermal conduction or phonon transport in the silicon device layer strongly influences the peak temperature rise in SOI devices.
Recently, a multidisciplinary faculty, research associates and students from the Institute for Complex Engineered Systems (ICES), Mechanical, Electrical and Computer, and Chemical Engineering Departments have received a $1,300,000 funding from National Science Foundation (NSF), and funding from the Pennsylvania Infrastructure Technology Alliance (PITA) to investigate in collaboration with IBM the "Phonon Transport in Nanostructures with Application to Ultra-Thin Silicon-On-Insulator (SOI) Transistors." This project focuses on the study of two major nanoscale phenomena: (a) phonon transport in single crystal silicon layer of thickness in the range of 10-50 nm and (b) ballistic phonon transport near hotspots (~10 nm) in the active region of silicon-on-insulator (SOI) transistors. The experimental part of the study involves the very first measurements of thermal conductivity of nanometer size, single crystal silicon layer and ballistic phonon transport near a hotspot in a transistor. The computational effort will focus on numerical simulations of phonon Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) in the relaxation time approximation, accounting for phonon dispersion as well as frequency dependent phonon mean free paths in silicon.
Researchers for the project include: Mehdi Asheghi, faculty, ME; Cristina H. Amon, faculty ME & director ICES; Gary K. Fedder, faculty, ECE; Myung S. Jhon, faculty, ChE; Jayathi Murthy, faculty, Purdue; and Shi-Chune Yao, faculty, ME. Student researchers: Mohamad S. Sadeghipour, Carlos Gomes, Sreekant Narumanchi, Yizhang Yang, Bahareh Behkam, Sartaj Ghai, Keivan Yazdani, Shahab Shojaeizadeh, Sartaj Ghai, Wenjun Liu and Shu Zhang
ENGINEERING AT ICES
Engineered Nerve Guides
in Tissue Engineering Bone Constructs
Telemetry Based MEMS Bone Sensors
of Microparticles for Controlled Drug Delivery
Aware Computing in Medical Body Monitors
Design of Artificial Organs
The initial project emphasis is on blood flow and artificial heart devices, but algorithms and Lagrangian computational methods developed as a result of this research will provide insight into many other diseases including hypertension, atherosclerosis and thrombosis, sickle cell anemia and stroke.
This multidisciplinary project brings together mathematicians, biochemists, bioengineers, computational fluid dynamicists, computer scientists, hemorheologists, numerical analysts and transplant surgeons and combines Carnegie Mellon University's leadership in interdisciplinary computer/computational sciences with UPMC's world class programs in biological sciences and transplant surgery.
The goal of this research is to develop a simulation-based methodology for artificial lung and blood-wetted organ design. The project requires the creation of mathematical models, computational tools and validation by in-vitro experimentation. If successful, optimal design methodologies will lead to the design of artificial organs with improved gas exchange capability, minimal risk of blood trauma and thrombosis. The objective of this research project is to develop methods of improving artificial organ function, greatly improving a recipient's quality of life.
ICES is assessing the rupture potential of AAA's using computational modeling and simulation, which uses large-scale numerical simulations and modeling based on physiologically realistic measurement obtained during patient diagnosis. The objective of this research is to develop a non-invasive technique for the assessment of aneurysm rupture by integrating the mechanical properties of the artery wall and physiologic blood flow conditions into a unique computational model of aneurysm hemodynamics. This research is being performed in collaboration with Vascular Surgery and Vascular Biomechanics Research Lab of the Section of Vascular Surgery.
ICES HOLIDAY PARTY
-- See Event Photos --
-- Symposium agenda --
Transactions on VLSI Systems Special Issue on Systems Level Design
Transactions on Mobile Computing
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